Research and publications[ edit ] Frye is the author of The Politics of Reality a collection of nine essays which has become a "classic" of feminist philosophy. This double bind refers to "situations in which options are reduced to a very few and all of them expose one to penalty, censure or deprivation". Frye applies this principle to gender and the dilemma women often face in her discussion of oppression.
By Emily Gillingham 1. While she succeeds in placing women tidily within her parameters, loose ends within the substance of her theory present significant flaws in terms of its applicability to other social groups.
Frye identifies five necessary conditions that make up oppression. First, the person must be restricted; that is, there must be barriers or limitations on his freedom Frye In the case of women, they are restricted in not being permitted to go out at night, and making less at jobs. Second, the person must suffer harm from these restrictions; moreover, this harm must outweigh any potential benefits incurred as a result of those same restrictions Frye Women suffer harms as a result of their restrictions; they lose personal freedom and have less economic freedom.
Third, the restrictions must have been imposed by a social structure or institution Frye The harms experienced by women are not isolated incidents; they are pervasive societal harms.
Women suffer these harms as women. Fifth, and finally, there must be a separate social group that both benefits from the restrictions faced by a social group, and coercively imposes the social structures which restrict the freedom of the social group Frye Simply put, oppressive barriers must not only benefit another group, but the oppressed group cannot be the primary enforcers.
For example, while people who wear size nine shoes make up a group, there tend not to be social consequences to this membership. A good measure of this could be whether or not the law could refer to this group as an identifiable group with a shared relevant characteristic.
It is under this assumption that this argument shall proceed. Women face restrictions which, on-balance, are harmful to them; they are imposed by social structures and expectations, and even within the law; women face them because of their status as women; and men both impose these barriers and benefit from them.
However, the fifth condition, or condition of another benefiting social group which imposes the restrictive barriers upon the harmed group, is problematic. One such problem is its inapplicability to legitimate situations of oppression. For example, it is reasonable to conclude that gay persons are oppressed.
They are prevented from sharing work benefits with long-term partners, such as health insurance and the federal stipulations for the Family Medical Leave Act which provides for employees to take time off of work to care for ill family members.
While heterosexual partners are able to gain United States citizenship through the marriage of a non-citizen to a citizen, gay partnerships lack this option. Until mere months ago, in lieu of filing power of attorney documentation, gay persons not only could not visit an ill partner in the hospital, but they would not even be informed of their care in the hospital unless the biological family deigned to let the partner know.
Certain states do not have laws on the books that prevent gay persons from being discriminated against in housing and employment matters, and only recently have hate crimes based on sexuality become punishable by federal law.
Sexual acts with a person of the same sex have been illegal within the past decade in various portions of the United States. Gay persons and partnerships are often barred from the adoption of children. It continues to deny equal benefits to same-sex couples as married heterosexual couples.
Finally, gay persons risk verbal attacks and physical violence upon admission of their sexuality to others. In light of all of this, it seems evident that gay persons are oppressed. Gay persons do, in fact, fulfill many of her requisites; they suffer restrictions on their freedom, restrictions which, on-balance, are harmful to them.Marilyn Frye () Marilyn Frye got her Ph.D.
from Cornell University. As of this writing [April ] she is a Professor in, and Associate Chairperson of, the Department of . Women Oppression Essay Sample Marilyn Frye makes a very bold statement in her essay “Oppression” stating that “women are oppressed as women, but men are not oppressed as men” (Frye, 16).
She claims that women are oppressed as women, because in our society females are defined by preconceived stereotypes of their gender. Marilyn Frye makes a very bold statement in her essay “Oppression” stating that “women are oppressed as women, but men are not oppressed as men” (Frye, 16).
She claims that women are oppressed as women, because in our society females are defined by preconceived stereotypes of their gender. Oppression Essay - Definition Paper “Oppression, to divide and conquer is your goal.
Oppression, I swear hatred is your home. Oppression, you mean only harm.” -Ben Harper Oppression is this and so much more than what Ben Harper wrote in his song. Oppression is an unjust or .
Nov 23, · frye, marilyn ashio-midori.com For educational use only. ***** OPPRESSION by Marilyn Frye It is a fundamental claim of feminism that women are oppressed.
The word "oppression" is a strong word.
It repels and attracts. It is dangerous and dangerously fashionable and endangered. It is much misused, and sometimes not innocently.
Reduce Throughout Marilyn Frye’s essay, Oppression, she describes the difficulties and misinterpretations people have when it comes to oppression. She does this by talking about the disadvantages women had to face and how it affected what they could do%(3).