The concept has been a part of humanity since time immemorial and often lays down certain rules and values for people to follow. Religion is an institution that gives people certain ideals about life and constructs a way to live. This is exemplified by how followers of different religions lead different lifestyles.
Born into a time of rapid social change, Confucius devoted his life to reestablishing order through rectification of the individual and the state. This involved a program embracing moral, political, and religious components.
As a creative transmitter of earlier Chinese traditions, Confucius is said, according to legend, to have compiled the Five Classics, namely, the Book of History, Poetry, Changes, Rites, and the Spring and Autumn Annals.
The principal teachings of Confucius, as contained in the Analects, emphasize the practice of moral virtues, especially humaneness or love jen and filiality hsiao. It culminated in a Neo-Confucian revival in the eleventh and twelfth centuries which resulted in a new synthesis of the earlier teachings.
Chu Hsia major Neo-Confucian thinker, designated four texts as containing the central ideas of Confucian thought: He elevated these texts to a position of prime importance over the Five Classics mentioned earlier.
Neo-Confucian thought and practice spread to Korea, Japan, and Vietnam where it had a profound effect on their respective cultures. However, the Confucian tradition is currently being reexamined on the mainland, often relying on new publications of European and American scholars.
In so doing a person can help to establish order in both the family and the state. The image here is the power of illustrious virtue to spread to others like ripples in a pond.
The ancients who wished clearly to exemplify illustrious virtue throughout the world would first set up good government in their states. Wishing to govern well their states, they would first regulate their families.
Wishing to regulate their families, they would first cultivate their persons.
Wishing to cultivate their persons, they would first rectify their minds. Wishing to rectify their minds, they would first seek sincerity in their thoughts. Wishing for sincerity in their thoughts, they would first extend their knowledge.
The extension of knowledge lay in the investigation of things. When a person cultivates their authentic nature they are said to affect the rejuvenating forces in the natural world.
Only he who possesses absolute sincerity can give full development to his nature. Able to give full development to his own nature, he can give full development to the nature of other men. Able to give full development to others, they can give full development to the nature of other men.
Able to give full development to the nature of men, he can give full development to the nature of all beings.
Able to give full development to the nature of all beings, he can assist the transforming and nourishing powers of Heaven and earth. Capable of assisting the transforming and nourishing powers of Heaven and earth, he may, with Heaven and earth, form a triad. Describing the essential kinship of all beings with heaven and earth, it maintains that compassion is the highest expression of kinship.
Heaven is my father and earth is my mother, and even such a small creature as I finds an intimate place in their midst.
Therefore, that which extends throughout the universe I regard as my body and that which directs the universe I consider as my nature. All people are my brothers and sisters, and all things are my companions. Show affection toward the orphaned and the weak.
The sage identifies his character with that of Heaven and earth, and the virtuous man is the best [among the children of Heaven and earth].Confucianism, though commonly labeled a religion, could more accurately be understood as a worldview, ethical system, or a way of life determined by .
According to Yale University, the sacred texts of Confucianism are five books that legend states Confucius wrote. These books are "The Book of History," "The Book of Poetry," "The Book of Changes," "The Book of Rites," and the "Spring and Autumn Annals.".
In these texts, and Chu His’s commentaries on these texts, became the basis of the Chinese civil examination system, a system that endured for nearly six hundred years ().
Neo-Confucian thought and practice spread to Korea, Japan, and Vietnam where it had a profound effect on their respective cultures. Confucianism has sacred texts including the Lun-yu (its most sacred scripture).
The sacred text of Christianity is the Christian Bible, which includes the Hebrew scriptures, the gospels and the writings of early church figures like the Apostle Paul. Some Christian traditions also include the Apocrypha. The influence of Buddhism and Confucianism altered the framework of Taoism, causing many followers to subscribe to beliefs from all three belief systems. Furthermore, proto-Taoist hermits -- individuals who cut themselves off from society to live in harmony with nature -- appear throughout the Confucian text. Dec 20, · Confucianism (rujiao) is a way of life taught by Confucius (Kong Fuzi) in China in the 6th-5th century BCE and the rituals and traditions associated with ashio-midori.commes viewed as a philosophy, sometimes as a religion, Confucianism is perhaps best understood as an all-encompassing humanism that is compatible with other forms of religion.
The Confucian Canon consists of the Five Classics and the Four Books. The Five Classics include Shu Ching (Classic of History), Shih Ching (Classic of Odes), I Ching (Classic of Changes), Ch'un Ching (Spring and Autumn Annals), and Li Ching (Classic of Rites).
Although Confucianism isn't strictly a religion, it does have a number of prominent texts, considered by many followers, to be sacred. According to the "Ancient History Encyclopedia," Confucius was an ancient Chinese philosopher, living in . Confucianism's fourth virtue is Zhi which means knowledge or wisdom.
Confucianism's fifth virtue is Xin which means sincerity and fidelity. Confucianism focuses on morality. Social harmony is its ultimate goal. Confucianism has sacred texts including the Lun-yu (its most sacred scripture).